Nuno Manuel Félix, DVM, MD, MSc, PhD, Hospital Distrital de Santarém, Santarém, Portugal
Nuno Manuel Félix, DVM, MD, MSc, PhD, works at the Hospital Distrital de Santarém, in Santarém, Portugal, where he is completing his residency in pediatric human medicine. He earned his veterinary degree from the Lisbon Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and thereafter worked both in the Small Animal Veterinary Hospital and as Assistant Professor of Small Animal Internal Medicine there. He has been actively involved in veterinary emergency and critical care, having served as Secretary of the European Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care Society from 2005 to 2011. His main interests are hemorrhagic shock, fluid and blood transfusion therapy, and endocrine changes in children, dogs, and cats.
Although veterinary transfusion medicine has developed significantly in the past 30 to 60 years,1 blood transfusions are not benign,2,3 with transfusion reactions occurring in up to 3% to 15% of patients.2,4,5 The safe administration of blood products requires precautionary measures, including careful sourcing of blood products; blood typing and crossmatching between donor and recipient; and adoption of appropriate blood collection, processing, storage, and administration techniques. In the event of a possible transfusion reaction, several corrective measures should be followed and the cause of the transfusion reaction should be identified.
This 3-part series covers what you need to know to ensure safe blood transfusion in dogs: blood collection and storage, patient selection, how to transfuse, and treating potential acute transfusion reactions.
For global readers, a calculator to convert laboratory values, dosages, and other measurements to SI units can be found here.
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